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SUCCESS STORIES/CASE STUDY/FIELD EXPERIENCE

Success Story-1

From Ruins to a Wealthy Farmer: Success story of an Orange Grower
Shri Mohammed Akram s/o Abdul Gaffar Khan
Block – Ghatiya                       Cultivable land- 2.0ha.
Village- Pan Badodiya              Orchard- 70 trees of orange
District- Ujjain                         Establishment- 2001
I, Mohammed Akram aged 35 years resident of village Panbadodiya in Ghatiya block of Ujjain district of Madhyapradesh. Since, there was a scarcity of water in my village, I thought of diversifying my resources so that a constant and assured income could be generated. On the recommendation of the Horticulture department, I planned to establish an orange orchard in the year 2001 and planted over 100 plants but after two years only 70 plants survived which had luxurious growth. I was told by the officials that the plants would start bearing in 3-4 years time. I and my whole family waited patiently for six years for the plants to start fruiting, but much to our surprise none of the plants produced flowers and fruits. This came to me as a great shock because I had invested huge amount in last six years apart from losing out the regular income through crops like soybean and chickpea as those crops could not be taken even as intercrops after three years. I could earn only Rs 55000 to 60000 per year by taking intercropping with soybean and gram from this orchard and it become very difficult for me to fulfil the requirement of my family. I was frustrated very much because none of the departments i.e, Agriculture Department, Horticulture Department and other government Department who visited the orchard and gave numerous advice. I followed their advice but in vain. I was very sad and worried and at last I and my family decided to destroy the orchard and follow the traditional agriculture (soybean- gram). In the mean time, I came in contact of KVK scientists who came to our village in a farmers programme organised by department of forest on “Hariyali Diwas”. KVK scientists visited my orchard on 19 may, 2007 and after a long discussion suggested me not to destroy the orchard. They said follow our technology for one season and then you are free to take any decision .The suggestions given by KVK scientists were;

  1. With held water: do not irrigate the orchard for two months.
  2. Root exposure: Do inter culture operations and expose the roots all around the periphery of the plant.
  3. Proper Nutrition: Prepare a ring basin around the plants after leaf shedding and give N: P: K @ 250,450 and 500 g per plant along with 10 kg well decomposed FYM.
  4. Apply Micronutrient:  Provide foliar spray of micronutrient mixture containing 2.5 kg Zinc sulphate + 1.5 kg Copper sulphate + 1 kg Magnesium sulphate + 1 kg Ferrous sulphate + 1 kg boric acid + 4.5 kg urea. Mix the above contents in 450 litres of water and neutralize the mixture with 1 kg slaked lime and apply on all plants.

I followed their advice, but was doubtful owing to my previous bitter experiences. The scientists also kept visiting the orchard at regular interval. At last when the flowering season came, much to my surprise I could see the plants fully loaded with flowers. For the first time in seven years I sold my produce for Rs. 1,10000. The fruits were slightly smaller in size but the scientists said it will improve in the coming years. I repeated the same suggestion the next year also and over the last two years on an average I am earning Rs. 1,97244 yearly from this orchard. My life has totally transformed since then. Salute to the efforts of KVK who saved me from total ruin. The details of the cost of technology suggested by KVK and the returns thereof are as follows.


Cost

Income

Sl.No

Techniques/Work

Rs

Sl.No

Techniques/Work

Rs

1.

Water with held

Nil

1.

Auction of Orchard

1,10000.00

2.

Labour charge of root exposure

500.00

2.

Soybean Return

60000.00

3.

Manure & fertilizer

756.00

3.

Gram Return

60000.00

4.

Labour Charge fertilizer application

200.00

 

Total Income

230000.00

5.

Intercultural operation

300.00

 

Net Income

1,97244.00

6.

Maintenance/Security

1000.00

B:C ratio = 1:6.02

7.

Soybean cultivation cost

20000.00

8.

Gram cultivation cost

10000.00

 

Total

32,756.00

Success Story

Discussion with Scientist by Sh. Akram

Success Story-2

Economic Strengthening through adoption of High Yielding  Wheat Variety GW-366
The farmers of Ujjain district of M.P. of central India grow wheat as a major crop of Rabi season. Lok-1 is the locale verity of wheat for > 80%  farmers of the district since last 10 years. But Lok-1 growing farmers facing the problem of loose smut in this verity resultantly they get poor return from Lok-1 due to unawareness about the varietals scenario in wheat. KVK,Ujjain decided to eradicate the problem through vatietal change.A newly released wheat variety GW-366, high yielding capacity with resistant against loose smut was decided to introduce in adopted village- Kamed through FLD. So, Resham Bai, 56 years old farm women was selected for this intervention. Smt. Resham Bai grown wheat Lok-1 & GW-366 including newly introduced by the KVK.The crop condition was excellent and no. of trials was higher than the local cultivator. During crop season scientist of KVK paid  periodical visits to the field and gave valuable suggestions a per the crop situation. She fallowed all the technical guidance and package of practice suggested by KVK scientists from time to time during the training imparted by the centre. After maturity variety was harvested and threshed on 15.4.008. GW-366  produced 24.2qtl. from 0.4 hc(1acre)  demonstration plot whereas check variety produced 20.1 quintal from the same plot size. Variety GW-366 disclosed 20.35 % yield superior over local check one (Lok-1). She harvested the yield @ 16.50 quintal per hectares whereas check variety Lok-1 performed inferior with 50q/hc. On her own adjoining field.     

Table 1: Economic analysis and production of newly introduced variety GW-366.


Crop

Year

Seed provided by KVK

No. of farmers

 Processed  Seed

Cost of
prodn
(Rs)

Gross Income
(Rs)

Net Income
(Rs)

 Used by KVK

Provided to Seed Producing Agency

Wheat GW-366

2007-08

2 qtl.

8 qtl

25

500 qtl

90000
@ 9000/ha

1500000
@ 2500

1410000

In an approach to assess the spread and dissemination of this variety among the farmers, KVK scientists closely  monitored movement and sale of the entire seed lot.The processed seed was sold by the SHG formed by the KVK and Cooperative Seed Grower within and out side the district (during rabi 2008-09) also due to drought situation (Harda and Hosangabad) to 300 farmers covering an area of 50 ha.The data collected on production and sale are presented below and the per hectare income from this new variety is shown below. The variety gains its popularity because of its close resemblance to the most liked LOK-1, and hence owing to its better productivity farmers have a slight edge in terms of income as compared to LOK-1.


Table 2: Horizontal spread, Economic analysis and production of newly introduced variety GW-366 replacing traditional LOK-1.


Crop

Year

Seed  Producing Agency

No. of farmers

 Processed  Seed

Cost of
prodn
(Rs) /ha

Gross Income
(Rs) /ha

Net Income
(Rs)/ha

Wheat GW-366

2008-09

500

300

23300

9000

55920

46920

Resham Bai Plot

Success Story-3 : Rural Youth Sh. Hakam Singh, Akasoda :

  • Youngster
  • Farm farmers Club
  • Open Village Library
  • Interested in Pulse Production
  • Construction of Water Harvesting  Unit
  • Leading Youth, Key Informant
Mr. Hakim Singh S/o Sh. Ratan Singh is a young farmer of just 25 years old from village Akasoda Ujjain block District, Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh. He has passed 10th standard in 1991. Due to some family circumstance he could not continue his studies. In an early age he got married and now he has two son while younger brother Sh. Padam Singh has qualified from Ujjain city. Mr. Hakim, after marriage started assisting his father and uncle sh. Chander Singh in the  farm operation. He has 30 acre of land in his name but he operated about 150 acre family land which is jointly with uncle. Due to lack of latest knowledge and the traditional practices adopted at his farm, he was not getting the good return in comparison to his investment. During the 2007-08 a farmer’s training 12-05-07 was attended and he was keep touch with the KVK Scientists. On the request of Hakim, Chander Singh, Karan Singh, Salik Ram and Dayaramji form a farmers club in his village and total 25 farmers participated on campus training programme on 16-5-07 at KVK campus by tractor, trolley, the POL expenditure born by Mr. Hakim Singh. During training programme all participated requested to KVK that our village also incorporate in KVK adopted list. His uncle Mr. Chander Singh participated a training programme on 4-6-07 on Soybean Production Technology and meet to Dr. U.S. Gautam Zonal Coordinator Zone VII ICAR who was chief guest of this programme. After adoption of village KVK continue conducted the activities like Front line Demonstration, trainings field day, and Krishak Sangoshti. RAWE students were also placed in the adopted farmers of the village. Mr. Hakim Singh energetic and cooperative young person, always help to all and every time he interested in creative activities. During RAWE students activity a “Parthenium Day” (07-09-07) was celebrated in a school that time he arranged CD player and TV for CD show and organized a rally with students of middle class. Village entry point some undoubted land selected for practical assignment of destroyed Parthenium in this field. Due to this motivation Mr. Hakim had decided that almost all village area free from Parthenium and and after practically demonstration this particular land was leveled under the supervision of Er. Lalit Jain, KVK. Now this field purchased by Mr. Ramesh was Anjana and successfully cultivated soybean, balckgram, mustard and maize. Mr. Hakim Singh also very actively participated with their team in “PRA” exercise and always clarify all facts regarding soybean cultivation, gram cultivation and wheat cultivation, during transect walk one field of road side little bit sloppy land, proper drainage selected by scientists for black gram demonstration of variety JU-86 . firstly his uncle Shri Chander Singh hesitate because he was interested for Soybean but KVK scientists already tow sides had been selected after all the final decision was Hakim was agreed. Mr. Hakim laid the demonstration in scientific manner under the close supervision of KVK. During the crop span period, Mr Hakim kept himself in touch with the KVK scientists for all kinds of technical guidance, which resulted in 6.00 qtls yield of black gram from an acre while local variety (Deshi) also grown in the same plot and obtained 2.8 qtl/acre. This demonstration was a record yield (14.16 qtl) in his and nearby villages there were some small pockets cultivated by blackgram only for domestic consumption. This was turning point of the Hakim, he was very much excited and offered to KVK for conduction of “Black gram field day”  KVK scientists fixed a iron display board. Due to the excellent performance of JU-86 at the road side, about 500-800 farmers passed every day. KVK impression also updating as a resulted 46 farmers were participated in field day, and 10 RAWE students also actively participated and closely interaction with the farmers as well as crop characteristics. Mr. Hakim Singh’s acted as a catalyst for motivating the farmers for black gram cultivation in the forthcoming season. Hakim told that he has sold the produce as seed material to She. Goerdhan Sarpanch of the village, Dayaram, Ram Singh Jaiswal and 10 other villagers of the district @ 2400/- qt. The cost cultivation of the crop per acre was as follow:

 

Demonstration Cost of Cultivation black gram plot.


S.No.

Input

KVK

Farmers

Total

1

Seed JU-86 8 Kg

400.00

-

 

2

Seed Treatment (Rhizobium/PSB)

45.00

 

 

3

DAP 32 Kg

312.00

-

 

4

Trizophos insecticide 320 ml

-

300.00

 

5

Sulphur + Mancozeb

-

220.00

 

 

 

757

520

1277

 

Total Income(6qt@2400)

14400

 

 

Net Profit 14400-1277= 13123 per acre

 

Hakam

Hakam at field
Pulses Demonstration: Black-Gram JU-86

For Latest Success Stories Click Here (1), (2), , (3), (4)

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