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Scenario of Agriculture

MAJOR FARMING SYSTEMS/ENTERPRISES (BASED ON THE ANALYSIS MADE BY THE KVK)

S. NO.

FARMING SYSTEM/ENTERPRISE

1.

Agriculture + Horticulture

2.

Agriculture + Animal Husbandry

3.

Agriculture + Animal Husbandry + Horticulture

4.

Agriculture + Labour

5.

Land less Labour

Description of Agro-climatic Zone & major agro ecological situations (based on soil and topography)

S. No.

Agro-climatic Zone

Characteristics

1.

Xth Malwa Plateau

The Agro-ecological region 5 in the Malwa Plateau as per NBSS & LUP (1993) has two distinct characteristic feature i.e. I5D2 (Central highlands with medium to deep black soils, semiarid climate and growing period  90-150 days) in Indore, Dhar, Ujjain, Ratlam, Mandsaur, Neemuch, north west part of Shajapur and western part of Dewas district, whereas in eastern part of Dewas, Shajapur and Rajgarh district it is I5C3 (Central highlands with medium to deep black soils, semiarid climate and growing period 180-210 days).

 

S. No

Agro-ecological Situation

Characteristics

1

Shallow Soils – rain fed

Shallow black calcareous (Kamliakheri series) depth  Up to 45 cm
Very shallow – Panchderia series. low water retention capacity, short duration preferred.
[Ujjain (57.3), Tarana (41.8), Mahidpur (29.4), Kachrod (15.9), Ghatia (13.5), Barnagar (10.8)]

2

Medium to deep soil  - rain fed

Medium black to deep soil having depth > 45 cm – Sarol, Baloda, Malikheri series.
[Ujjain (29.2), Tarana (33.4), Mahidpur (45.7), Kachrod (57.5), Ghatia (61.5), Barnagar (60.6)]

3

Medium to deep soil  - irrigated

 Medium black to deep soil having depth > 45 cm – Sarol, Baloda, Malikheri series.
[Ujjain (9.6), Tarana (12.3), Mahidpur (11.1), Kachrod (15.2), Ghatia (15.1), Barnagar (20.2)]

4

Gravelly soil 

Gravelly soil mainly forest soil.
[Ujjain (3.9), Tarana (12.5), Mahidpur (13.8), Kachrod (11.4), Ghatia (9.9), Barnagar (8.4)]

 

 

 

 

 
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